Environmental impact

BBI JU projects are developing bio-based products, chemicals and materials with a lower environmental impact while laying the foundations for a sustainable future and a competitive economy. More specifically, BBI JU projects are:

Reducing CO2 emissions: 84% of ongoing projects will deliver bio-based products that will lower greenhouse gas emissions by replacing fossil-based alternatives. The total CO2 savings of the first nine BBI JU flagship biorefineries are expected to reach 600 kT per year.


Enhancing sustainability and circularity: 75% of ongoing projects contribute to waste reduction, reuse, and recycling, while half of them reduce energy consumption and improve land use. Over one-third of all projects contribute to the sustainable management of natural resources and foster efficient water use. Additionally, all feedstock used in BBI JU projects must be sustainably sourced in Europe and not compete with food production.

Making efficient use of available resources: 91% of BBI JU projects consuming agricultural feedstock only use waste and by-products, and 7% use dedicated crops grown in marginal lands not suitable for agriculture. 100% of aquatic feedstock used in BBI JU projects are algae and by-products of fish and seafood.


Boosting sustainable forests: 96% of projects using forest-based feedstock use wood residues, cellulose and pulp, and paper industry sidestreams. Only 4% cut wood, exclusively from sustainably managed forests.